Thursday, April 14, 2016

How To Solve Unemployment Problem In India - Lessons From Ancient India : Part 1

If we take a look back at ancient India, during its glorified history, we could get lessons on how to solve unemployment problem in India. It is well known that different rulers and even queens took proper care of their society that was based on a system that reduced unemployment during those days. Let us check out how to weed out unemployment problem in India by looking at the days when India was still ruled by kings and queens.

PART I: Lessons From Ancient India - The Educational System

Not only unwanted subjects,
But also a tough competition,
Ruining Kid's Childhood,
Making Them Inferior and Suicidal
I cannot say about the scenario after the entry of Moghuls as I did not do proper research on that. I could not get relevant papers that I could trust so I will go a little back into the history. At that time, people were happier as they could find one or more income sources and that is what we are discussing here.

Present society is like: 1) Go through elementary education that teaches you languages and a little of History/Geography and science; 2) you then specialize in an area of your choice or rather, the choice of your parents and peers; 3) and keep on applying for jobs related to that field of your expertise.

The system of education these days has unnecessary subjects up to the matriculation. I do not mean to say that History, Geography, Math etc should not be taught. They are essential - but only up to certain extent. After you pass the Intermediate and say, wish to get into nuclear physics, you will have to learn Calculus, Alzebra and Geometry as well. And not to mention Chemistry. This is the way the subject choices are provided. While I agree a little math is required for nuclear physics, there is no (I repeat - no requirement) for you to study the details of Chemistry's solutions to learn and deduce from Nuclear Physics.

In other words, the present day education system wastes much of your time that you could have otherwise spent learning just what you want. Imagine you got into physics right after basic education, i.e. after learning the basic math and languages. You would - in this case - get seven more years to study your own preferred subject. That means, by the time you graduate in Nuclear Physics, you have learned many more extra things.

Poor Frog Killed In Name Of Education
For People Not Opting Biology,
Why Force Them To Dissect Animals?
I have been running my business for almost 7 years. I worked as computer technician, writer for Neilson data before starting own venture. I still do not know why I was taught Calculus or for the matter, Algebra - though the latter was a bit interesting, there is no practical use of it in my line of trade. I do not know what I learned by dissecting a poor frog. Rather, if I would have been given an option to study business management and related subjects, I would have been far better.

Because what you study during your formative years, stays with you for rest of your life in case you implement it. And because in most of the cases there is no need for the 'extras' you learned in the present day education system, your just wasted your formative years. Probably, learning languages is the only thing good about the current system. That too, is good up to a limit. They shouldn't force you to learn all the major languages - Hindi, English in addition to regional languages when they know you'll be spending most of your time dealing with something else. If you wish to become a literary person, probably a research into languages and phonetics might help. But for that, you'll have to wait for 10+2 years?! Why? And even after, you have to stress out on some other topics that are mostly irrelevant to the profession you wish to engage in. Right?

Coming to the problem of how to solve unemployment in India, when we look at the ancient system of schooling, the kids were divided according to what they were supposed to do. That means, if someone was to become a soldier, he would get arms training from the very beginning - with some other subjects related and necessary for growth and communication. If someone wanted to become a Vaidya (doctor), she or he would start early - dealing and identifying herbs in forests and assisting other practicing doctors as interns. Thus, they would be preparing themselves for the trade or profession they were willing to pursue.

Image From "Look And Learn" Website
Teaching Different Things To Different Kids
Based Upon Their Interest & Traits

There was also a time when parents of these kids gave them enough choice to choose their profession. If practical training has to start at a tender age - inputs from elders are a must. It happened that kings prepared their offspring to become warriors while doctors wanted theirs to become doctors. In most cases, the guru (teacher or trainer) identified the traits of his/her student and helped him/her select a profession and excel in that. Not like today where you are fed all dishes and for a particular dish, you have take supplements as well. Not like today where you have to excel in all the subjects to pursue further studies in a particular field of interest.

There were two main aspects of ancient India education system:
1. Character Building
2. Skills Training

A Data Aggregation Showing
White Vs Blue Collar Jobs
Note: Self Employed Not Included
Unlike today, where everyone wants a white collar job with big companies, the education system of older days was based on what you were good at. That provided you with omni-options. You could go work for others, with others or start your own trade. I guess there were some good crown sponsored facilities to help the then students start on their own. I've also read of those ancient universities helping out their students in trading or setting up own ventures by way of loans and/or providing security for loans from crowns. All they needed was to demonstrate their skills unlike today where you have to pay certain percent of loan amount as bribe and have influencers on your side to get approval for a loan under any government scheme.

All through the training, you were also made to study the books that helped you build a character suitable for the profession. The character building was probably based on inputs from Vedas and differed for different students pursuing different professional training. For increasing the chances of employment - especially the self-employment scenario - character building is much necessary as it teaches you how to treat others and how to be your best. Naturally, that included communications, showing respect to ladies and elders, loving younger ones, and things like that. That is an art while skills are related to trade.

To emphasize the second point, students were given practical training in skills rather than just a formal educational. The certificates were based on practical exams rather than just formal penning down the answers.

The aim was to provide an education that helped the students get employed rather than get a job. There is a difference between employment and a job. A job is where you work for others. Employment could be a job for others, with others or for self. Self employment, is the best method to remove unemployment.

If such an education system is brought back to India,

1. where the parents and trainers can find out your traits and help you out to select yourself a profession in your early age

2. and you are started early with the trade you want to master,

the problem of unemployment would be solved.

When speaking of how to solve unemployment problem in India or anywhere, I do not mean offering them appointment letters, but helping them shape their career in an early stage and providing them with necessary skills to pursue a profession whether for others or in form of self-employment.

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